In this essay, I want to discuss how the formation of the Digital World Order. The discussion about Digital World Order has begun to be addressed by experts about the rules that netizens will obey, which giant digital companies in cyberspace produce.
The Definition of World Order
Before discussing the concept of a Digital World Order, I would like to quote Henry Kissinger’s view in his World Order (2014) about the World Order concept:
World order describes the concept held by a region or civilization about the nature of just arrangement and the distribution of power thought to apply to the entire world. An international order is the practical application of these concepts to a substantial part of the globe- large enough to affect the global balance of power. Regional orders involve the same principle applied to a defined geographic area.
From Kissinger’s view above, several further questions arise if the Digital World Order study is to find the root of the problem in cyberspace. Who will produce the Digital World Order? How do we understand “borders” in the formation of the Digital World Order? Whose concept should the global community adhere to in cyberspace? What are the standards of implementing the Digital World Order for human behavior? How to understand the “balance of power” in studying the Digital World Order in cyberspace?
Several countries have established their digital security well. Some countries have a hobby of stealing technology from other countries without notifying them beforehand. Even the government has built a cyber army for its digital security from outside attacks. Some countries are busy building digital security through diplomacy. Information sharing has also begun to be tightened. Online transactions and money laundering have become a threat to global financial stability. Therefore, the issue of the Digital World Order is so urgent to be implemented comprehensively.
The United States, as a superpower country, has been so strong in regulating its digital security. The Chinese government has always been seen as a country that “cheats in silence” when they have national interests in other countries. There is also the threat of digital crime from countries in Africa that often commit fraud. In Indonesia, the issue of money laundering also usually requires a comprehensive explanation of the meaning of digital security.
The transportation and transformation of goods across continents have also been carried out using a digitalization pattern. The problem of signal intelligence is also a problem in itself. The theft and sale of data by giant corporations often inconvenience netizens. If there is no power of a Digital World Order, chaos will undoubtedly arise in cyberspace. This is because the function of the internet is no longer a tool to facilitate human affairs but can control each other and control one interest with different interests in cyberspace.
Formulation of Digital World Order
Therefore, the Digital World Order formulation requires attention to the following points: There is a significant difference between the World Order in the real world and the virtual world. In the control of the World Order in the real world, it is determined by the strength of a country in the economy, defense and security, weapons and politics, and its influence on a region and the world. China, the United States, and Russia are fighting for power in advancing their respective orders. Will the global community follow the American Order, the Chinese Order, and the Russian Order?
Meanwhile, in cyberspace, the struggle for economics, defense and security, and political stability for e-global balance have yet to find a measurable concept. Kissinger has discussed how the struggles of each Order in the world, but then always appear actors and countries who do not want to follow a globally conditioned order. In cyberspace, the emergence of the e-global Order or the Digital World Order is greatly influenced by the situation of the digital community, where they no longer recognize national or regional boundaries.
In addition, the influence of non-state actors plays a significant role in cyberspace. Groups that do not like the establishment and domination of certain parties in cyberspace always raise resistance in cyberspace. They do not like the dominance of non-state-actor groups who dominate the global mind through the various digital networks they control today. The superpower countries will certainly invite them to work for their national interests. Global and e-global stability and influence will run optimally.
The E-Global Order
The E-global Order will create a situation where negotiations for mastering the global mind will continue to compete. Al Gore explained in TheFuture that international organizations continue to carry out various research and developments to master the global mind. So, it is possible to involve non-state actors who control several strategic segments in cyberspace who will be invited to cooperate with superpower countries.
Finally, the affirmation of the concept of the Digital World Order will undoubtedly result in a situation where all the standard rules from the real world will be transferred to the virtual world. This transfer process, of course, will not run efficiently because “interest in the virtual world” is more complex than “interest in the real world.” The two “interests” must be placed in one corridor toward a better society. If the concept of a better society is not created globally, conflicts of interest will inevitably arise in cyberspace, leading to wars of thought in that realm.