In this article, I want to highlight the state’s role in geopolitics when Jokowi is no longer president of the Republic of Indonesia. In 2024, Indonesia will have a new president. The international community eagerly awaits the presence of this new president.
Because Indonesia is a country with the largest Muslim population in the world, in addition, this country is also an archipelagic country, where Indonesia’s maritime situation has always been the center of global attention. Not only that, the state of the country’s economy has always been a hot topic of discussion in various world forums.
Several presidential candidates have started to show their desire to get the presidency. Anyone who enters the state palace must understand the global political situation very well.
An increasingly aggressive China. Russia is increasingly aggressively invading Ukraine. The state of the United States economy is uncertain. 100th anniversary of the fall of the caliphate. The threat of national disintegration also hit Indonesia.
The conditions above are some of the issues that might demand special attention from Indonesia’s presidential candidate in 2024. Jokowi has led Indonesia through a close-to-east pattern but keeps the feeling of the West. Indonesia’s relationship with China is experiencing a honeymoon. Indonesia and Saudi Arabia also have very close relations. Indonesia is also not less intimate with Russia. As for America, Indonesia only uses a business-as-usual system.
World geopolitics in 2024 will experience indications that will make the Indonesian government aggressive in its foreign policy. This is because international security issues will be closely linked to national security. The effects of the global economic crisis will also continue to affect the governance structure in Indonesia.
Very positive economic growth rate. However, internal national security issues have not yet fully recovered a reasonably stable country. So far, Indonesia is still in the category of a developed country.
The success of the Jokowi government in suppressing the rate of radicalism will undoubtedly influence the response of developed countries to glance at this country. However, this issue still leaves a grudge against domestic history. In other words, very nice outside, not necessarily very comfortable inside.
Suppose the war in Ukraine continues, which will severely impact the global economy. Indonesia will undoubtedly feel the effect.
If the United States continues to dislike the aggressive level of the Chinese government in the global order, their competition will impact the Indonesian state.
The global order will be maintained when economic, security and political stability are created. These three things will certainly indicate that the Indonesian government in the future needs to think about a long-term strategy in playing a role on a global scale.
However, the problem that sticks out the most is the sovereignty of the homeland in Indonesia. Parties from outside countries are still eyeing natural resource assets in Indonesia. Meanwhile, technological developments in Indonesia in utilizing natural resources have not shown significant results.
Not only that, the control and presence of “made in China” and “invested by China” will certainly have a very sharp influence on the success of the Chinese government in carrying out its economic mission in Indonesia.
During the Jokowi administration, the anti-Chinese sentiment was able to be quelled on the grounds of investment and national security. The presence of China, which was given a “red carpet” by the Jokowi government, was able to spread the wings of Chinese influence in several places in Eastern Indonesia.
Jokowi’s ability to look more to the East than to the West while suppressing radical movements, and anti-Chinese sentiments is a strategy to prolong the “made in China” and “invested by China” models in Indonesia.
Therefore, 2024 will be the year that will determine how Indonesia will appear on the global stage. If they continue to be close to the East and keep their distance from the West, then the next government will receive very sharp consequences. In this case, the Papua issue is very likely to be an entry point for various interventions in the name of humanity. The issue of human rights will certainly be a separate note for global analysts in monitoring the situation in Indonesia.
Not only that, if Prabowo becomes the president of Indonesia in 2024, it will also be a side note for the international community, where to see the world of Indonesia’s national security defense on the global stage.
Finally, some of the notes above are initial notes to understand the geopolitical position of the Indonesian nation in the global order arena. Hopefully, this initial note provides a new understanding of the direction of Indonesia’s international politics on the global stage.